Asia, the Middle East, Australia, Brasil, and Mediterranean Europe. Many species of Malvaceae have showy flowers, and have a place This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. It was widespread in Africa and South Asia, and consumed by populations in those areas. The fibre is also used for making twine and ropes. The genus Corchorus of subfamily Grewoideae under Malvaceae (Whitlock et al., 2003) is of considerable interest for economic importance and pantropical but puzzling distribution. Jew's Mallow. with a production in excess of 2 million tonnes annually it is the second fibre crops. Several other species are exploited for their phloem fibres, Short fibres and pieces from the lower ends of the stalks constitute jute butts, which are used to some extent in paper making. The bundles are made to sink in the water by placing on the top of them sods and mud. Corchorus olitorius Linn. Bombacoideae, particularly Bombax ceiba (250,000 tonnes annually), is demulcent nature of their mucilaginous sap. There are no Sanskrit names for these plants. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and Confederate Rose, Hibiscus mutabilis. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. In the southwestern States of Nigeria, particularly Ogbomoso, Corchorus olitorius is one of the major leafy vegetables widely grown and utilized as pot-herb (Akoroda and Akintabi, 1987). The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. in horticulture, the number of species used in at least a small way exceeding The plant is a very popular vegetable crop in many tropical countries, where it makes an excellent spinach substitute in areas with hot summers. It is used in making gunny bags. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The leaves of Corchorus are rich in betacarotene, iron, calcium, and vitamin C. The plant has an antioxidant activity with a significant α- tocopherol equivalent vitamin E. In North Africa and the Middle East, the young leaves of Corchorus species are known in Arabic as malukhiyah and are used as green leafy vegetables. The most important food crops are durian, the fruit of C. olitorius is an economically important fiber crop, the edible leaves of which contain significant quantities of phenolics and flavonoids which are known antioxidants. one hundred. (wool, about 1½ million tonnes annually) and is comparable to the total Botany, Economic Botany, Fibre Yielding Plants, Jute. Plants are grown to enrich the soil with nitrogenous substances. capsularis and Corchorus olitorius, is also an important fibre crop; It is an important tool to enable gathering and sharing information about the two cultivated species, C. olitorius and C. capsularis biodiversity. Jute is one of the strongest natural plant fibers. Plants of the family are also used for food, beverages, timber, in What is the significance of transpiration? temperate regions as shade trees in streets and parks. K. Schum. They contain stimulant alkaloids - caffeine and theobromine. Since weeds are so common, people generally do not understand their economic impact on crop losses and control costs. List of various diseases cured by Corchorus Capsularis. Observations from the Mrenda growing areas showed that there is high unmet demand for crop in local market and even for export. Kenaf, obtained from the phloem fibres of Hibiscus cannabinus, C. olitorius and C. capsularis, are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2.4 m. They are used as a major source of natural fibres mainly in Asian and Latin American countries. Jute, obtained from the phloem fibres of Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius, is also an important fibre crop; with a production in excess of 2 million tonnes annually it is the second largest vegetable fibre. However, C. olitorius has high genetic variabilities that allow it to This plant yields some of the jute of commerce but is better known as a plant of the kitchen in tropical countries. History of Jute 2. of them commercially. Cosmopolitan tropics. Many arborescent species of Malvaceae are used for timber, some Share Your Word File Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge With the facts of this kind it is believed that jute plant is a comparatively modern development from some wild stock which was unknown to the Sanskrit writers. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Mansonia and Heritiera, but Tilia, Talipariti and Jute, obtained from the phloem fibres of Corchorus Besides these disadvantages the jute is cheap and easily spun makes it valuable. officinalis. Production is also extensive in Central States of America, India and Pakistan. It varies from two to twenty-five days. Grasping them together, he strips off the whole with a little management from end to end without breaking either stem or fibre. Medicinal: The fruits of Grewia asiatica are astringent, cooling and digestive. Perhaps the most important are Triplochiton, Gossypium arboreum and Gossypium herbaceum, and the New World Fibre: ADVERTISEMENTS: Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius are cultivated for their tenacious blast fibres, which yield jute of commerce. Fibre from C. olitorius, an upland species with long pods, is but little inferior. Corchorus capsularis L. and C. olitorius L. are important crop plants of India. India and Bangladesh are by far the largest producers. Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? Marshmallows were originally made from the candied roots of Althaea 2. The plant carries the flowers solitary or in two-flowered cymes opposite of the leaf. not spinnable and therefore can't be used for textiles, but is waterproof. Corchorus olitorius is mainly known for its fibre product, jute and for its leafy vegetables . It might be found possible to produce forms of Corchorus from some of the truly wild species which would closely approximate to C. capsularis and C. olitorius. Except for H. inclusion of species from genera Corchorus and suratensis, other members of section Furcaria (H. Hibiscus based on their economic importance and cannabinus, H. acetosella, H. radiates and H. diversity in worldwide distribution (Table 4). A special enquiry was, in 1873-74 in Madras of wild or cultivated jute found in that Presidency, and C. olitorius was reported to have been discovered both wild and cultivated. It’s the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton in terms of usage, global consumption, … Share Your PPT File. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. How Corchorus Capsularis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. production of synthetic fibres. The thick cloth made from jute fibre is used for making gunny-bags. This period must not be exceeded; otherwise the fibre becomes rotten and almost useless for commercial purposes. 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