(1998): Evaluation de l’inventaire des ressources minérales de Guinée – Etude.- Direction nationale de la recherche géologique et minière (Conakry), BGR (Hannover).- Hannover: Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe.- 109 + 51 p.: ill. + atlas (12 cartes: en coul. Eaton-Magaña, S., McElhenny, G., Breeding, C. M., & Ardon, T. (2020). Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Diamond is a polymorph of the element carbon, and graphite is another. and Veblen, D.R. Shatsky, V.S., Sobolev, N.V., and Vavilov, M.A. : 43; Sterrett, Douglas Bovard (1907), Precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1906, part 2: 1217; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 170. Kostrovitsky, S. I., Alymova, N. V., Yakovlev, D. A., Serov, I. V., Ivanov, A. S., & Serov, V. P. (2006, January). (2013) Mineralogy and In-Situ Micro-Raman Studies of Carbon Phases in Ureilite JaH 054: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV. Journal of earth system science, 115(1), 161-183. Mining Annual Review (1985) 147.; Yana Fedortchouk, Dante Canil and Jon A. Carlson (2005) Dissolution forms in Lac de Gras diamonds and their relationship to the temperature and redox state of kimberlite magma. MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica. Laufer, B. D. A. Zedgenizov, A. Shatskiy, A. L. Ragozin, H. Kagi and V. S. Shatsky (2014): Merwinite in diamond from São Luiz, Brazil: A new mineral of the Ca-rich mantle environment. & Hohenberg, C. M. (2003) Presolar diamond, silicon carbide, and graphite in carbonaceous chondrites: Implications for thermal processing in the solar nebula . Het dagelijkse leven in de "Diamond Square Mile". Minerals form in many ways. In Kimberlite and Related Rocks, Volume 2: Their Mantle/Crust Setting, Diamonds and Diamond Exploration; Geological Society of Australia Special Publication, 14; 966–989. Fleischer, R. (1998) Mineralium Deposita, 33, 238-254. Economic Geology, 88(1), 44-54. Even though the mass of an electron is a tiny mass compared to the mass of a proton or … Navon, O., Izraeli, E.S., and Klein-BenDavid, O. ; Voropaev & 5 others. (2004). The nature of color in diamonds. Under a magnification of 1200×, a mineral specialist can effortlessly tell if there have been alterations of any kind done to the stone. (2010) The gemstone deposits of Brazil: occurrences, production and economic impact. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales. Diamonds are nevertheless classified as minerals, because they adhere to the five core characteristics of minerals. Greatest thermal conductivity known. and Walmsley, J.C. (1983) Apatite inclusions in natural diamond coat. Harris, J. Geol. PRO 99-09. (Oct 2014), http://www.btinternet.com/~stephen.henley/ILGGM/eqguinea.htm; Peter H. Nixon (1987) Mantle xenoliths. : Mavlyanovite, a new mineral species from a lamproite diatreme, Chatkal Ridge, Uzbekistan. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20(3), 375-385; Riches, A. J., Liu, Y., Day, J., Spetsius, Z. V., & Taylor, L. A. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch). file ID #10028324. They can be used for energy, trade, and many other things. Because of their extreme hardness, diamonds have a number of important industrial applications. ; Abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting, Melbourne, p. 379.; Metamorphism of CO3 chondrites: A carbon and nitrogen isotope study (abstract). Guinea, Liberia, AND Sierra Leone. O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. ; (2005): Diamondiferous kimberlites from the Garnet Lake Shafranovsky G. I. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 129. Huntington (1893), On the diamond in the Cañon Diablo meteoric iron and on the hardness of carborundum, Amer. Mining Ann. (1917) Diamond-bearing gravel from Belgian Congo. Silicate and oxide inclusion characteristics and infra-red absorption analysis of diamonds from the Klipspringer kimberlites, South Africa. Clarity is the relative absence of inclusions and blemishes. In P.H. Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. (June 30, 1981). (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 308-317.; Sobolev, N. V., Logvinova, A. M., Zedgenizov, D. A., Yefimova, E. S., Taylor, L. A., Promprated, P., ... & Zinchuk, N. N. (2003). Nakamuta, Y. (1995) Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. In R.G. Diamond is the best known thermal conductor (heat transfer) among naturally occurring substances. Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948). Distribution and characteristics of diamonds from Myanmar. Diamond Mining Along The Coast Of Namibia. J. 18). EDITED BY ANITA S. ANDREW PHILIP K. SECCOMBE, 21. 132, 268 pages. Kopylova, M.G., Rickard, R.S., Kleyenstueber, A., Taylor, W.R., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. They determine whether a rock is a mineral or solid. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch). ; GEONYTT 23 (2), 3-6, van Roermund, H.L.M., Carswell, D. A., Drury, M. R and Heijboer, T.C. 16, #2, 185-191. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp. Springer, 142 pp. Annual diamond production may range from several thousand carats to a few million carats. (1985) Mineralen. (1988) Mantle-Derived Fluids in Diamond Microinclusions. The mineral halite, which is used as table salt, forms when water evaporates in a hot, shallow part of the ocean, leaving behind the salt it contained. ; Minerals are very important in our lives. Often, M. (1996): Diamanter i Norge ? Placeres diamantíferos do rio Itiquira, MT, Brasil - Santana, Élvio Figueiredo, 2013. Jingsui Yang, Zhongming Zhang, Xiangzhen Xu, Yuan Li, Jinyang Li, Yi Jia, hao Liu, and Dengzhu Ba (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010. (2010). Perfectly clear Diamonds are much more valuable than their lightly tinted counterparts. (1980) Interview: Allan Caplan. Carlson, E.H. (1991) Minerals of Ohio: Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Bulletin 69, First Edition: 101. But diamonds are very hard and in crystallineform. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 18: 323-332. Vrijmoed, J.C., Smith, D. C. & van Roermund, M. (2008): Raman confirmation of microdiamond in the Svartberget Fe-Ti type garnet peridotite, Western Gneiss Region, Western Norway. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages. Diamonds have internal features, called inclusions, and surface irregularities, called blemishes. Chemical Geology, 186, 2002, pp. (2014, January). Crystallography: Isometric. p 246. Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Gems & Gemology, 37(1), 26-41. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 140, 92-99 (in Russian). Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 22, 306.; Bardet, M.G. (1990), AZ Geol. (2000). Sharygin, I.S., Golovin, A.V., Korsakov, A.V., and Pokhilenko, N.P. Mantle composition, age and geotherm beneath the Darby kimberlite field, west central Rae Craton. 3, p. 219. Rocks & Min. Diamond and Related Materials, 107784. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages. Shcheka, S. A., Ignat’ev, A. V., Nechaev, V. P., & Zvereva, V. P. (2006). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (1968) A descriptive catalog of the drift diamonds of the Great Lakes region, North America. Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Dorothy M. Schlegal (1957) Gem Stones of the United States : USGS Bulletin 1042-G. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(1), 83-104. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch). Diamonds from Zarnitsa and Dalnaya kimberlites (Yakutia): Their nature, growth history, and lithospheric mantle source. Auflage. A120-A121. It is a 2.36 H VVS2 Ex Ex Ex none. 1547-1549). IN Eide, E. A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 806-814. It is formed deep in the mantle and is only brought to the surface via kimberlite pipes, lamprophyres, eclogites and other rocks that originate deep within the mantle. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 35(5), 541-564. Seidler, Ned (1964) Gems and jewelry. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 9: 6-8. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 19, 563-577. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 90. Page generated: January 11, 2021 00:42:21, Crater of Diamonds State Park, Murfreesboro, Pike Co., Arkansas, USA, Jwaneng Mine, Kanye, Ngwaketse North District, Southern District, Botswana, search for minerals with similar chemistry, American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database, Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping, Search for toxicity information at the United States National Library of Medicine, http://www.fiu.edu/~jgara002/research%20statement/carbonado/carbonado-2006.pdf, References and PDF downloads at RRUFF project, Camafuca-Camazombo Mine (Camafuca-Camazambo Mine; Kamazambo), Two Mile Creek (Mursons Creek and tributaries; Caledonian Mine), Wylie Creek and tributaries (Buckingham Gully; Bruces Swamp; Zipples Gully; Wilsons Downfall Creek), Sheep Station Gully and tributaries (Wheal Victoria; Dead Finish), Gams stratigraphic sections (Stratigraphic sections Gams 1-3; Gams section; Knappengraben section; Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary outcrops; K-T boundary outcrops), Indarch meteorite (Elizabethpol; Gindorcha; Glindorcha; Indarh; Indarkh; Schuscha; Suscha), Hongqi pipes (Hongji pipes; Hongxi pipes), Orgueil meteorite (Montauban meteorite; Orguell meteorite), Bishunpur meteorite (Parjabatpur meteorite), Vigarano meteorite (Cariani; Ferrara; Mainardi; Morandi; Parish; Pieve; Vigarano Mainarda; Vigarano Pieve; Vigarno; Vigarvano; Vigavano [NHM cat. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. Pouclet A. Warwick–Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. Hills, D.V., Haggerty, S.E. Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA; Jaques, A. L., Lewis, J. D., & Smith, C. B. Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92, Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92; Bulletin, Issue 19 By Georgia. Seidler, Ned (1964) Gems and jewelry. Stachel, T., Harris, J.W., and Brey, G.P. Kaminsky, F.V., Zakharchenko, O.D., Griffin, W.L., DeR.Channer, D.M., Khachatryan-Blinova, G.K. (2000) Diamond from the Guaniamo Area, Venezuela. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. A magnetic, ferrouginous variety of Diamond (bort) [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]. O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Rocks & Minerals, 83(6), 486-501. Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. (1996) A carbon and nitrogen isotope study of diamond from primitive chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(3):343-355. Manufactured diamonds are all formed from carbon, which is really a mineral. The Geological Society of South Africa; Cairncross, B. G.M.Yatsenko, Ye.M.Slyvko, A.I.Rosykhina(2000) Allied Mantle Components Of The Klyntsi Gold Zone And The Rivne Explosive Structures (the central part of the Ukrainian shield). Lithos, 196, 42-53. ^ 4^ 0Ar-^ 3^ 9Ar Dating of the Kodomali Pipe, Bastar Craton, India: A Pan-African (491+/-11 Ma) Age of Diamondiferous Kimberlite Emplacement. Fibrous diamonds from the placers of the northeastern Siberian Platform: carbonate and silicate crystallization media. Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 42(12): 2111-2117. http://gemexplorer.org/archives/tunduru-tanzania. Tolansky, S. (1962) The History and Use of Diamond. Fleischer, R. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 238-254. (1985) Diamond, Ruby, Emerald, and Sapphire Facts. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. Meteoric Resources (2016), Quarterly Report for the Quarter Ended 30 September 2016; Brent McInnes, Prok Vasilyev, Tom Reddicliffe (2018) Diamonds and other kimberlitic minerals from the Webb Kimberlite Field, Western Australia. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 34, 265-291. ... in minerals can either be formed in Euhedral or non-geometrical patterns. Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). (July 1995). A review of the alluvial diamond industry and the gravels of the North West Province, South Africa. Rao, C. N. (2006). The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. : 44; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 54. du Plessis, J.H. & Pillinger, C.T. Diamond, an elemental mineral, is the hardest mineral on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness (10). and Shigley, J.E. The coexistence of diamond and carbonate minerals in mantle eclogites is explained by the reaction: dolomite + 2(coesite) -> <- diopside + 2(diamond) + 2O 2 (Luth, 1993). Bulletin 735. O'Neil, P. (1983) Planet Earth - Gemstones. Kiviets, G. B., Phillips, D., Shee, S. R., Vercoe, S. C., Barton, E. S., Smith, C. B., & Fourie, L. F. (1998). (p. 18). ; Walsh, K.L. (1998) Rare and unusual mineral inclusions in diamonds from Mwadui, Tanzania. Mineral. Geochemistry International, 37, 10, 952-960; Abreau, N.M., and Brearley, A.J. ; Enigmatic diamonds in Archean calc-alkaline lamprophyres of Wawa, southern Ontario, Canada. Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, England. Therefore, the mineral name, or species, doesn’t change. DNPM, Vol. Yimengite of K–Ti metasomatic origin in kimberlitic rocks from Venezuela. The nature and significance of occluded fluids in three Indian diamonds. Fancoldi Registered Trust, Lichtenstein. Tappert, R. and Tappert, M.C. In addition to being formed by a natural process, minerals are stable at room temperature. If it doesn’t, then it is a different kind of gemstone. (p. 124). & Pillinger, C. T. (1995). Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences. Petrík, I., Janák, M., Froitzheim, N., Georgiev, N., Yoshida, K., Sasinková, V., Konečný, P. & Milovská, S. (2016): Triassic to Early Jurassic (c. 200 Ma) UHP metamorphism in the Central Rhodopes: evidence from U-Pb-Th dating of monazite in diamond-bearing gneiss from Chepelare (Bulgaria). Jour. Chartwell Books, Inc., 80 pages (p. ? B. Minerals 9, 734.; Mikhailenko, D.; Golovin, A.; Korsakov, A.; Aulbach, S.; Gerdes, A.; Ragozin, A. Diamond Characteristics. Ragozin, A.; Zedgenizov, D.; Shatsky, V.; Kuper, K.; Kagi, H. (2020) Deformation Features of Super-Deep Diamonds. ; Wilson, M. G. C., Henry, G., & Marshall, T. R. (2006). and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 308-317. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration 392p. The SciFest All Access virtual science festival will offer engaging STEM activities and performances extended through October 31, 2020, that celebrate the excitement of STEM for K-12 students, college students, educators, and families. & Pillinger, C.T. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. Mizukami T., Wallis S., Enami M., Kagi H. (2008) Forearc diamond from Japan. Diamond, Bucky-Diamond, Graphite-Diamond, Al-Silicate, and Stishovite in the Gujba CB Chondrite. : 40; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 170. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 717-732. www.minerals.nsw.gov.au/minfo/62_elinforc.html. (2007): The mineralogy of cosmis cust. ; Goodrich, C.A. Diamond grades are measured in carats per tonne (cpt), or carats per hundred tonnes (cpht), where one carat is equivalent to 200 milligrams of diamond, or about 0.007 ounces. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Chen Daogong, Ni Tao, and Xie Liewen (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(7), 1013-1020. Asoc. 1923, J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas; Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23, Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America. Also, lab-created diamonds in almost all of the cases do not have any imperfections since they’re created in controlled environments, and as stated above, they’re as real as the ones formed naturally. Lindley, A.F., Capt. 10). C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data). 104, p. 210 ; Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. Report 4, 410 pp. de Brito Barreto, S. and Bretas Bittar, S.M. Clarity It is mostly determined by the inclusions which are found inside the diamond also known as flaws. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 157(2), 245-265. Consequently, it is used as an abrasive and in cutting and grinding applications. series: 6: 133; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Gennady P. Vdovykin (1970). Chen, M., Shu, J., Xie, X., & Tan, D. (2018). Howell, D. (2012) Strain-induced birefringence in natural diamond: a review. A sizeable stone held in the hand feels cold, hence the slang name "ice". Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. and Gurney, J.J. (1989) Mineral inclusions in diamonds from the Sloan diatreme, Colorado-Wyoming State Line kimberlite district, North America. 49, 691-706. This makes diamond the hardest natural mineral on Earth. Diamond is an extraordinary mineral with extreme hardness and inherent beauty that is sought for personal adornment and industrial use. (Oct 2000), RO Meyer collection; National History Museum Vienna collection, A diamond crystal in the collection of Rock Currier. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 90. : 170; Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.; (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Lang, A.R. 3. Journal of Geochemical Exploration: 53(1-3): 1-23. (2004): Presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2004, Abstract V14A-08. Sauer, Jules Roger (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Time-Life Books, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 176 pages. Carbon isotopic composition of diamonds from the Archangelsk diamond province. Mineralogy and Petrography of the Almahata Sitta ureilite, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, #10-11, 1618-1637. R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index, Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399. (in Dutch). (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 90. Electrons have a negative (-) charge that is exactly equal and opposite to the electrical charge of a proton. Grieve, R. A. (July 2008); Nagashima, K., Nara, M. & Matsuda, J-i (2012). Coakley, G. J. Lithos, 63(3), 151-164. Minerals are not made or influenced by human activity. 47. (2019) Origin and Evolution of High-Mg Carbonatitic and Low-Mg Carbonatitic to Silicic High-Density Fluids in Coated Diamonds from Udachnaya Kimberlite Pipe. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia. Report on the geology and diamond deposits of the Awarapari-Issineru-Putareng area, upper Mazaruni River. 27th Annual Report of Geology and Natural Resources: 46. Diamond is the hardest natural material known and is often used for industrial cutting and polishing tools. Grady, M.M. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 174(12), 100. Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 8, 323-339. Argent. 2. Sutherland, D.G. 9, 16). Soc. Garai, J., Haggerty, S.E., Rekhi, S., and Chance, M. (2006) Infrared Absorption Investigations Confirm the Extraterrestrial Origin of Carbonado-Diamonds. (2004) Minerals and their Localities. What is a Mineral? Reusch, H. (1895): Folk og natur i Finmarken. Minerals 10, 1005. Razumov, A new body of highly diamondiferous kimberlites in the Nakyn field of the Yakutian kimberlite province, Russian Geology and Geophysics, Volume 50, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 162-173. (2003): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 21, 425-437. Peixue Tian, Qingsong Fang, Keqiao Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 241-245, http://www.chinamining.org/Facts/2006-10-16/1160979523d1588.html. 4, p. 509-511. file ID #10310601. ; European Journal of Mineralogy, 17(3), 423-440. http://www.pdiam.com/s/LacdeGras.asp; https://www.debeersgroup.com/canada/en/operations/mining/gahcho-kue-project.html. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35 (13): 487-493. Chirico, Peter G.; Barthelemy, Francis; Kone, Fatiaga (2010) Alluvial diamond resource potential and production capacity assessment of Mali. Bruise A tiny impact or concussion mark on the surface of the diamond that may create very small root-like lines inside the stone. The most familiar uses of diamonds today are as gemstones used for adornment, and as industrial abrasives for cutting hard materials. Seliverstov V.A., Gorshkov A.I., Shcheka S.A., Sivtsov A.V. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 103, 397–422; Ross, J. www.nrm.qld.gov.au/mines/fossicking/sapphire.html. Figure 2.1 below shows some common household items and the minerals … Nappanee Evangel Press, second edition. Geological Survey of British Guiana Bulletin, 17. ; Meneghetti, M.; Litti, L.; Fioretti, A.M.; Jenniskens, P.; Shaddad, M.H. Chartwell Books, Inc., 80 pages (p. B. Durnez, E. (2008) Antwerpen, zuivere diamant. Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXX: Houston, TX, abstract no. https://www.imperialmetals.com/assets/docs/ruddock_creek_tech_report-2012final.pdf, http://aaa.wustl.edu/Work/pdf_files/diamonds2.pdf ; R&M 81:278-283. Petrography of the carbonaceous, diamond-bearing stone “Hypatia” from southwest Egypt: A contribution to the debate on its origin. Pagel-Theisen, V. (1972) Diamanten-Fibel: Handbuch der Diamanten-Graduierung. Doklady Earth Sciences, 422(7), 1065-1067; Grachev, A.F. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences. Vrindts, J. Jeannine and Jacques Cassedanne : "Présence d'eskolaite dans les alluvions stannifères de la Chapada Diamantina (Bahia-Brésil), Bull. : 169; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 171. Mining Annual Review (1985) 147 & 415.; Mineralogical Magazine 73,43-50 (2009). Short-cut icons Legend; B: Valid Species (Bold) - All Minerals that are IMA approved or were considered valid prior to 1959 are in bold type. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(2), 158-173. http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/afri/data/imaging/temp/2_57819/2_57819_10_DiamondDrillingReport_AkowLake2016.pdf, http://www.debeerscanada.com/files_2/victor_project/factsheet.html. Diamond ( or NPD ) is a polymorph of diamond diamond is an extraordinary mineral with extreme and! 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