airbus a300 range

[16][8]:39, On 29 May 1969, during the Paris Air Show, French transport minister Jean Chamant and German economics minister Karl Schiller signed an agreement officially launching the Airbus A300, the world's first twin-engine widebody airliner. A340-600, 380 passengers in three classes to a range of 7,550 nautical miles. All A300s delivered between November 2002 and 12 July 2007 (last ever A300 delivery) were A300-600RFs. The early versions of the A300 were flown with a 3 man cockpit crew with flight engineer. Metric; Imperial; Key figures. By the 1990s, the A300 was being heavily promoted as a cargo freighter. A330-300. Compared to the Airbus A350 with its incredible long range: Airbus A350-900 has a range of 8,100 nautical miles (15,000 km). It can seat 220 passengers in two classes, or 240 in all-economy, and can fly up to 5,150 nmi (9,540 km). [17]:22 In September 1973, as part of promotional efforts for the A300, the new aircraft was taken on a six-week tour around North America and South America, to demonstrate it to airline executives, pilots, and would-be customers. In 1977, the A300 became the first ETOPS-compliant aircraft, due to its high performance and safety standards. [4] The intention of the project was to produce an aircraft that was smaller, lighter, and more economical than its three-engine American rivals, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. The A310's range exceeds that of all the A300 models, except for the A300-600, which surpasses the A310-200. Explore some of … [24], In 1989, Chinese operator China Eastern Airlines received its first A300; by 2006, the airline operated around 18 A300s, making it the largest operator of both the A300 and the A310 at that time. Palletised loads can be loaded and unloaded quickly and efficiently thanks to its pallet friendly design. [18] It was the launch of the Airbus A320 in 1987 that firmly established Airbus as a major player in the aircraft market – over 400 orders were placed before the narrow-body airliner had flown its first flight, compared to 15 for the A300 in 1972. Airbus had viewed South-East Asia as a vital market that was ready to be opened up and believed Korean Air to be the 'key'.[10][18][17]:23. The prototype first flew on 28 October 1972. A typical flight would last for two and a half hours, enabling up to 30 parabolas to be performed per flight.[26][27]. [4] Béteille drew up an initial work share plan for the project, under which French firms would produce the aircraft's cockpit, the control systems, and lower-center portion of the fuselage, Hawker Siddeley would manufacture the wings, while German companies would produce the forward, rear and upper part of the center fuselage sections. [5]:49–50 During the mid-1960s, both Air France and American Airlines had expressed interest in a short-haul twin-engine wide-body aircraft, indicating a market demand for such an aircraft to be produced. [12] These decisions were partially influenced by feedback from various airlines, such as Air France and Lufthansa, as an emphasis had been placed on determining the specifics of what kind of aircraft that potential operators were seeking. UPS Airlines also operates 52 freighter versions of the A300. The prototype A300B2 made its first flight on 28 June 1973 and was certificated by the French and German authorities on 15 March 1974 and FAA approval followed on 30 May 1974. PAYLOAD. This enabled Airbus to develop the aircraft as a medium/long range airliner. Airbus A300 pictures, specifications, cabin configuration. A300-600RF: (Official designation: A300F4-600R) The freighter version of the −600R. The aircraft went on to see adoption by the likes of FedEx, UPS and others during its long, storied career. Until the last delivery in June 1998, 255 aircraft were produced, as it was succeeded by the larger Airbus A330-200. The A330-300, the first variant, took its maiden flight in November 1992 and entered service with … [4] At the time, the news of the announcement had been clouded by the British Government's support for the Airbus, which coincided with its refusal to back BAC's proposed competitor, the BAC 2-11, despite a preference for the latter expressed by British European Airways (BEA). Initial variants are powered by CF6-50 or JT9D turbofans and have a three-crew flight deck. First flight was on October 28th, 1972 and the series was first introduced through carrier Air France on May 30th, 1974. Powered by General Electric CF6 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines (the same engines that powered the 747 or the DC-10) of between 227 and 236 kN thrust, it entered service with Air France in May 1974. This feature has led to the aircraft being used extensively on transatlantic routes. On 31 May 2014, China Eastern officially retired the last A300-600 in its fleet, having begun drawing down the type in 2010. The A300B2 entered revenue service on 23 May 1974 between Paris and London. Structures are made from metal billets, reducing weight. supercritical airfoil sections for economical performance and © 2001 - 2019, Karsten Palt, Leipzig / Germany - All rights reserved. [10][11]:34[19][14]:57, 60 In 1977, the A300 became the first ETOPS-compliant aircraft, due to its high performance and safety standards. Keeping the same eight-abreast cross-section, the A310 is 6.95 m (22.8 ft) shorter than the initial A300 variants, and has a smaller 219 m2 (2,360 sq ft) wing, down from 260 m2 (2,800 sq ft). [11]:34[16], Perhaps the most significant change of the A300B was that it would not require new engines to be developed, being of a suitable size to be powered by Rolls-Royce's RB211, or alternatively the American Pratt & Whitney JT9D and General Electric CF6 powerplants; this switch was recognized as considerably reducing the project's development costs. * The A300B2-200 had a configuration similar to that of a Boeing 737, thoughthe Airbus was a much larger aircraft. According to Airbus, this cultural approach to market research had been crucial to the company's long-term success. [7]:2–13[11]:34[17]:18 Hawker Siddeley spent £35 million of its own funds, along with a further £35 million loan from the West German government, on the machine tooling to design and produce the wings. [19][21] Additional composites were also made use of, such as carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP), as well as their presence in an increasing proportion of the aircraft's components, including the spoilers, rudder, air brakes, and landing gear doors. Later A300s incorporated other advanced features such as the Forward-Facing Crew Cockpit, which enabled a two-pilot flight crew to fly the aircraft alone without the need for a flight engineer, the functions of which were automated; this two-man cockpit concept was a world-first for a wide-body aircraft. [11]:34[8]:39[13]:51–52 This maiden flight, which was performed a month ahead of schedule, lasted for one hour and 25 minutes; the captain was Max Fischl and the first officer was Bernard Ziegler, son of Henri Ziegler. First delivered to. A300B4-200 - Same except range with 269 passengers and reserves 5375km (2900nm), range with max fuel 6300km (3400nm). During the 1960s, European aircraft manufacturers such as Hawker Siddeley and the British Aircraft Corporation, based in the UK, and Sud Aviation of France, had ambitions to build a new 200-seat airliner for the growing civil aviation market. The A300B1 was five frames shorter than the later production versions, being only 50.97 m (167.2 ft) in length. The current production A300-600R entered service in 1988. [4][11]:34 The word airbus at this point was a generic aviation term for a larger commercial aircraft, and was considered acceptable in multiple languages, including French. The Airbus A300-600 incorporates outstanding improvements such as the two Electronic Flight Instrument System cockpit, increased travel range, advanced digital avionics based on A310, tail empennage that enhanced passenger payload and freight, small winglets, systems were made easy to use, fowler flaps and added camber on the wings. A340-200 can carry 303 passengers in two classes to a range of 7,600 nautical miles. [18], On 15 March 1974, type certificates were granted for the A300 from both German and French authorities, clearing the way for its entry into revenue service. and it has an electrically controlled braking system. [18] Ten years after the official launch of the A300, the company had achieved a 26 per cent market share in terms of dollar value, enabling Airbus Industries to proceed with the development of its second aircraft, the Airbus A310. [30] Airbus has announced a support package to keep A300s flying commercially. The Airbus A300 is a twin-engined short- to medium-range widebody airliner with a capacity of maximum 345 Passengers produced by the European manufacturer Airbus. With airlines seeking more passengers and range, many chose other bigger aircraft for long-haul missions and single-aisle twinjet aircraft such as the A320 and Boeing 737 for short-haul operations. See below. In March 2006, Airbus announced the impending closure of the A300/A310 final assembly line,[28] making them the first Airbus aircraft to be discontinued. The Airbus Industrie A300-600 is a large-capacity, wide-bodied medium- and long-range airliner. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The web portal includes a comprehensive civil and military aircraft encyclopedia. While studies were performed and considered, such as a stretched twin-engine variant of the Hawker Siddeley Trident and an expanded development of the British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven, designated the BAC Two-Eleven, it was recognized that if each of the European manufacturers were to launch similar aircraft into the market at the same time, neither would achieve sales volume needed to make them viable. It was powered by two General Electric CF6-50A turbofan engines and could accommodate 300 to 323 passengers. Beysens, Daniel A. and Jack J.W. With its range of more than 4,000 nautical miles, the A300-600 has the capability to fly all major regional routes of the world’s principal economic regions. A. van Loon. The Airbus A300-600 is a medium haul, wide bodied air freighter that is popular with cargo operators worldwide. July 30, 2020 Comments gopro waterproof case hero 5. 426 m³ / 15044'³ . Plans for the development of a European widebody aircraft emerged during the mid … Airbus Canada Limited Partnership is responsible for the development and manufacturing of the Airbus A220 Family – of which A220-300 is a member Shown in this digital wallpaper, the A220-300 allows airlines to connect distant points on continents or sectors that were previously unprofitable or impossible [8]:39 The flight test program, which involved a total of four aircraft, was relatively problem-free, accumulating 1,580 flight hours throughout. Other firsts included the pionee… Production ceased in July 2007 after 561 deliveries. The FAA issues a single type rating which allows operation of both the A310 and A300-600. Airlines operating the A300 on short haul routes were forced to reduce frequencies to try and fill the aircraft. Perhaps the most visually unique of the variants is the A300-600ST Beluga, an oversize cargo-carrying model operated by Airbus to carry aircraft sections between their manufacturing facilities. [17]:24 The largest freight operator of the A300 is FedEx Express, which has 68 A300 aircraft in service. A300B4C: freighter version launched in 1976, A300MF: multi-purpose freighter launched in 1976. With a light usage of only two to three cycles per day, it will not reach the maximum number of cycles by then. European collaborative aerospace manufacturer Airbus Industrie was formally created on 18 December 1970 to develop and produce it. [5]:49[6][7]:2–13, European manufacturers were keen to explore prospective programs; the proposed 260-seat wide-body HBN 100 between Hawker Siddeley, Nord Aviation, and Breguet Aviation being one such example. The 5.64 m (222 in) diameter circular fuselage section allows an eight-abreast passenger seating and is wide enough for 2 LD3 cargo containers side by side. Airbus would use the design of the A300 to develop improved versions for greater range and more capacity, such as the A330 and A340. The A300 was the first type developed by the new European aerospace collaborative manufacturer Airbus Industrie and first flew in 1972. During the 1990s, the A300 became popular with cargo aircraft operators, as passenger airliner conversions or as original builds. The Airbus A300B1 is a twin-engine, wide-body, short-range carrier manufactured by Airbus, introduced in the 1970s. Stay informed: Sign up for our daily aviation news digest. Airbus A300 commercial aircraft. The widebody A310 was built on the success of its forerunner, the A300. It’s related to other A330 and A340 aircraft, but only has two powerful engines. Our talented worldwide team, from a range of industries, have dedicated many months of their lives to deliver one of the most authentic, uncompromising, day-to-day flying experiences for the virtual simmer in X-Plane 11. [10][12] The final assembly line for the A300 was located adjacent to Toulouse Blagnac International Airport. The major production version features a centre fuel tank for increased fuel capacity (47,500 kg) and new wing-root Krüger flaps which were later made available as an option for the B2. In 1977, the A300B4 became the first ETOPS compliant aircraft,[23] qualifying for Extended Twin Engine Operations over water, providing operators with more versatility in routing. The savior of the A300 was the advent of Extended Range Twin Operations (ETOPS), a revised FAA rule which allows twin-engine jets to fly long-distance routes that were previously off-limits to them. The remaining A300s still flying were converted into freight … [20], The A300 is powered by a pair of underwing turbofan engines, either General Electric CF6 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines; the sole use of underwing engine pods allowed for any suitable turbofan engine to be more readily used. A300B4-600: Referred to as the A300-600. The first delivery was in 1986, but few were built as the A300F4-200 was soon replaced by the more capable A300-600F (official designation: A300F4-600). It was also Europe's first widebody airliner and the world's first twin-engine widebody. advanced aerodynamically efficient flight control surfaces. As a result, they lost passengers to airlines operating more frequent narrow body flights. lead to … History and Features . [10] During the development of the earlier A300, a range of different aircraft size and capacity were studied by the consortium; the resulting Airbus A300B proposal was one of the smaller options. Range 15,094 km 8 150 nm; Typical seating 3-class 220-260 220-260; Overall … The Airbus A300-600ST Beluga is a twin-engine oversize-cargo freighter aircraft produced by the European manufacturer Airbus S.A.S.. Borman proceeded to order 23 A300s, becoming the first U.S. customer for the type. Like its sister aircraft, the A300, the A310 has reached the end of its market life as a passenger … [12] On 5 February 1973, the second prototype performed its maiden flight. Cockpits across the Airbus product line are highly similar. [10][12] By this time, Rolls-Royce had been concentrating their efforts upon developing their RB211 turbofan engine instead and progress on the RB207's development had been slow for some time, the firm having suffered due to funding limitations, both of which had been factors in the engine switch decision. This order is often cited as the point at which Airbus came to be seen as a serious competitor to the large American aircraft-manufacturers Boeing and McDonnell Douglas. [8]:39[18], Immediately after the launch, sales of the A300 were weak for some years, with most orders going to airlines that had an obligation to favor the domestically made product – notably Air France and Lufthansa, the first two airlines to place orders for the type. The first modification will be made at Airbus Toulouse in 2019 and certified in 2020. [34] Production of the B2 and B4 totalled 248. [18][5]:52 As a result, The aircraft found particular favor with Asian airlines, being bought by Japan Air System, Korean Air, China Eastern Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, China Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Indian Airlines, Trans Australia Airlines and many others. A300-620C: (Official designation: A300C4-620) A convertible-freighter version. advanced wings by de Havilland (later BAE Systems) with The Airbus A300 is a wide-body medium-to-long range airliner; it has the distinction of being the first twin-engine wide-body aircraft in the world. [25], From 1997 to 2014, a single A300, designated A300 Zero-G, was operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) as a reduced-gravity aircraft for conducting research into microgravity; the A300 is the largest aircraft to ever have been used in this capacity. A300B2-200 - Typical high speed cruising speed 917km/h (495kt), typical long range cruising speed 847km/h (457kt). Airbus A350-1000 has a range of 8,700 nautical miles (16,100 km). [14]:57 The lack of a third tail-mounted engine, as per the trijet configuration used by some competing airliners, allowed for the wings to be located further forwards and to reduce the size of the vertical stabilizer and elevator, which had the effect of increasing the aircraft's flight performance and fuel efficiency.[17]:21[5]:50. [22] Another feature of later aircraft were the addition of wingtip fences, which generated greater aerodynamic performance (first introduced on the A310-300). It was powered by the same General Electric CF6-80 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D then PW4000 turbofans. with 277 passengers, and carries nearly five tonnes more payload than the previous 235-tonne aircraft. The website has also a photo gallery and gives you an overview of all aviation museums worldwide. The A310 introduced a two-crew glass cockpit, later adopted for the A300-600 with a common type rating. The remaining A300s still flying were converted into freight … [12] It was later renamed the A300B. The improved A300-600 has a two-crew cockpit and updated GE CF6-80 or PW4000 engines; it made its first flight on 8 July 1983 and entered service later that year. The Airbus A300 is a wide-body medium range twin-engine jet airliner developed and manufactured by Airbus. [10][18][8]:40 Aviation author John Bowen alleged that various concessions, such as loan guarantees from European governments and compensation payments, were a factor in the decision as well. [10][20][17]:23–24 Glass cockpit flight instrumentation, which used cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors to display flight, navigation, and warning information, along with fully digital dual autopilots and digital flight control computers for controlling the spoilers, flaps, and leading-edge slats, were also adopted upon later-built models. It had been feared that the original 300-seat proposal was too large for the market, thus it had been scaled down to produce the A250. Airbus would use the design of the A300 to develop improved versions for greater range and more capacity, such as the A330 and A340. All information is given in good faith and for information purposes only. As of October 2016, the A300 has been involved in 75 accidents and incidents, including 35 hull-losses and 1,435 fatalities. As Asia did not have restrictions similar to the FAA 60-minutes rule for twin-engine airliners which existed at the time, Asian airlines used A300s for routes across the Bay of Bengal and South China Sea. [12] In order to meet Air France's demands for an aircraft larger than 250-seat A300B, it was decided to stretch the fuselage to create a new variant, designated as the A300B2, which would be offered alongside the original 250-seat A300B, henceforth referred to as the A300B1. [12][17]:20 In 1979, Britain joined the Airbus consortium via British Aerospace, which Hawker Siddeley had merged into, which acquired a 20 per cent stake in Airbus Industrie with France and Germany each reducing their stakes to 37.9 per cent. The final version was the A300-600R and is rated for 180-minute ETOPS. [38] The A300-600 made its first flight on 8 July 1983 and entered service later that year with Saudi Arabian Airlines. [7]:2–14[8]:39[5]:53, Airbus Industrie was initially headquartered in Paris, which is where design, development, flight testing, sales, marketing, and customer support activities were centered; the headquarters was relocated to Toulouse in January 1974. 561 A300 aircraft have been delivered and 410 are in service. A300F4-200: Freighter version of the A300B4-200. Official Airbus merchandise Let's shop. According to Airbus, new technologies adopted for the airliner were selected principally for increased safety, operational capability, and profitability. Airbus offers the A330-200F freighter as a replacement for the A300 cargo variants. It presents 8% lower operating costs per seat than others.

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